||Acrylic - A synthetic fibre made from synthetic polymer. Usually thought to be hard wearing but less soft to feel than cotton. Has some characteristics similar to wool.
Angora Goat - The goat that produces mohair.
Aran - Style of cabled knitwear worn by fishermen from the Aran Isles.
Basic Dyes - A class of dyes, that act as bases. Generally not light fast.
Bellies - The short wool from belly of sheep.
Black wool - Fleeces from sheep that contains grey, brown or black wool.
Blend - A fabric containing two or more different fibres or with variants of
the same fibre or different colours and grades of the same fibres.
Breathable - A fabricís ability to transmit moisture.
Britch - Short, curly fibers found in the belly area of sheep.
Burling - Removal of imperfections.
Camel's Hair - Hair from the Bactrian camel. This hair is soft and light. Does not wrinkles also water repellent. More fragile than wool.
Carbonising - Removal of vegetable parts from wool fabrics.
Chevron - a regular, repeated zigzag pattern made by reversing the twill weave. Sometimes known as herringbone.
CMYK - Abbreviation for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Key (this is black).
Colour matching - Comparing dyed samples with a standards.
Continuous dyeing - Dyeing of a fabric passing in a continuous manner through a series of containers.
Crimp - Waves effect in the wool fiber. Generally finer wools have the most crimp.
Dyebath - The solution that contains dyes and dyeing assistants or any other substances required to dye fabric.
Fleece - The entire coat shorn from one sheep.
Gray Wool - Fleeces with a few dark fibers.
Hydrophobic - Tendancy to repel water.
Hygroscopic - Absorbs moisture from the atmosphere.
Lambswool - First clip of wool shorn from young lambs. Soft and resilient.
Lanolin - Oily secretion from the sebaceous glands of sheep.
Mattress Stitch - A flexible virtually undetectable seam.
Mohair - a fabric made from yarn made from the hair of the Angora type goat.
Nylon - Quick drying man made fiber with high strength, elasticity and low water absobtion characteristics.
Polyester - Man made fiber from long chain polymers. High strength, crease resistant, quick dry.
Resilience - Power of recovery to return to original shape. Sometimes called memory.
Ribbing - A combination of knit and purl stitches. Creates a strechy fabric. Found at ends of sweaters, socks etc.
Shrinkproofing - Application of chemical treatments to fabrics to prevent felting shrinkage.
Tweed - This is a coarse, very rugged woollen fabric made in twill weaves.
Wool - The fibres that cover sheep, goat, alpaca, lama etc.